Charlton Wilson, M.D.

Chief Medical Officer
Mercy Care

Fellowship Profile

Fellowship Year: 2021-2022
Fellowship Placement: House Committee on Energy and Commerce (Majority)
Sponsoring Institution: NAM
Discipline / Profession: Internal Medicine


Charlton Wilson has been the chief medical officer of Mercy Care, a local, nonprofit health plan serving Medicaid and dual-eligible beneficiaries in Arizona. For over a decade, his work helped to serve high-needs populations through direction of quality management, integrated medical and behavioral health management, and practice transformation supports. He oversaw value-based analytics teams and practice transformation consultants that helped providers to succeed in their practices. He collaborated with government agencies, plan members, providers, universities, and the community to ensure that comprehensive quality health care was accessible and worked to address the circumstances that impacted the well-being of all members.

Prior to joining Mercy Care, Wilson served as a commissioned officer with US Public Health Service (USPHS), Indian Health Service (IHS). In addition to working in clinical care, he traveled throughout the United States to develop and strengthen disease management and performance measurement programs that contributed to the mission of the IHS. He also designed, implemented, and improved specialty services for people affected by HIV, diabetes, and cancer in a manner that resulted in sustained clinical improvements and earned him USPHS medals for his excellence in clinical care and research efforts.

He earned a bachelor of arts in history at Texas A&M University and his doctor of medicine degree at the University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston. Wilson completed his internal medicine residency at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and served as assistant chief of service. He is board certified with the American Board of Internal Medicine and is a fellow of both the American College of Physicians and of the American College of Healthcare Executives. Wilson has served on numerous community boards and is a clinical assistant professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix.